What You Should Know About Terpenes

What You Should Know About Terpenes

Terpenes are aromatic chemicals present in many plants, although they are most usually associated with cannabis due to high concentrations of them in cannabis plants. In this article we are going to talk about what you should know about terpenes!

These aromatic chemicals are responsible for the distinctive scents of numerous plants, including cannabis, pine, and lavender, and also fresh orange peel. Most plants’ scent is caused by a mixture of terpenes. Terpenes defend plants from animal grazing and pathogenic microorganisms in nature.

Terpenes, on the other hand, may provide certain health benefits for the human body. As cannabis rules loosen, experts are conducting more study into these potential advantages.

Continue reading to discover further about terpenes in general, as well as specifics regarding their possible health advantages.

What Exactly Are They?

What you should know about terpenes? Terpenes are extremely fragrant chemicals found in many plants and herbs, including rosemary and lavender, as well as certain animals.

Isolated terpenes are used by manufacturers to generate the fragrances and smells of many daily items, including perfumes, body products, and even meals.

Terpenes are essential in plants. Terpenes encourage pollinators in certain plants, whereas in others, they induce a strong response to repel predators such as insects or foraging animals.

Some terpenes safeguard the plant by assisting it in recovering from harm; others work as part of the plant’s immune system to keep infectious microorganisms at bay.

Terpenoids is another word for terpenes. Terpenes and terpenoids, on the other hand, are not the same thing.

Terpenes are indeed the natural form of these chemicals found in living plants. Terpenes oxidize and form terpenoids as a plant dries and cures, as in the manufacture of cannabis.

What distinguishes them from cannabinoids?

Cannabis contains chemicals known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids, including such tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), stimulate receptors in the endocannabinoid system of the body. This is what causes individuals to feel “high” when they take cannabis.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is yet another cannabinoid that is gaining popularity due to its therapeutic qualities. Although CBD operates on some of the same receptors as THC, it has a distinct effect on them and does not cause euphoria.

THC and CBD are the most well-known cannabinoids, although there are only two of over 100 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

What you should know about terpenes? Terpenes, that are among the most prevalent substances in nature, are also found in cannabis. Terpenes are the primary odorants found in most plants and certain animal molecules. However, some may behave similarly to cannabinoids on the endocannabinoid system in the body. The major distinction is that the body absorbs and utilizes these chemicals in various ways.

Terpenes have any effect on humans?

What you should know about terpenes? Many terpenes are bioactive, meaning they can have an effect on the body. This impact will vary depends upon the concentration of the terpene and how it is used.

Terpenes are the building blocks of many essential oils and are a vital component of many alternative therapies such as aromatherapy. Inhaling the fragrances of some plants & essential oils may have an effect on one’s mood and stress levels.

Some individuals believe that terpenes influence or improve the high produced by cannabis. The Entourage Effect says that terpenes augment or change the effects of THC and CBD in the body.

Some research supports these ideas. For example, a study published in Frontiers in Neurology discovered that persons with epilepsy who took a CBD-rich extract had better symptoms and fewer adverse effects than those who took pure CBD. This shows that other cannabis components, such as terpenes, may influence how the body utilizes CBD.

There has been a lot of medical study done on isolated terpenes, and some of them may potentially find their way into medicinal application. According to a study published in Chemico-Biological Interactions, several terpenes have favorable effects on the body and might be used as alternative medicine or treatments.


What you should know about terpenes? While there are numerous terpenes in nature, scientists have only investigated a few of them.

Terpenes that are more well-known include:


Limonene is a common terpene that is easily identified by its aroma. As the name implies, limonene imparts a zesty aroma to the rinds of fruits including such lemons and oranges.

According to a research published in Chemico-Biological Interactions, limonene has the following medicinal properties:

  • anticancer
  • anti-inflammatory
  • antiviral
  • antioxidant
  • antidiabetic

Limonene appears to alter the behavior of some immune cells, which may protect the body against a variety of diseases. Limonene is also safe to consume as a supplement.


Pinene is yet another naturally occurring terpene. Pinene comes in two varieties: a-pinene and b-pinene. Many plants, including pine needles, rosemary, and basil, have the fresh, bright aroma of pinene. Pinene may possibly have medicinal properties.

Shirin-yoku, which translates as “forest bathing,” is a Japanese therapy that entails taking slow walks in the forest, soaking in the environment, and enjoying the aroma. Shirin-yoku may have both preventative and therapeutic effects on a person’s mind and body.

According to a research published in Acta Salus Vitae, the quantity of pinene in the air of a healthy forest is sufficient to be medicinal. Pinene is a bronchodilator, which allows more air into the lungs. When breathed, it also has an anti-inflammatory impact and may be effective against some pathogenic bacteria.


Linalool is plentiful in lavender plants and gives the bloom its distinctive aroma. Linalool is an important molecule in aromatherapy and is responsible for the relaxing effect that many individuals experience when they smell lavender or its essential oil.

What you should know about terpenes? According to a research published in Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, linalool may influence the body in a number of ways due to a variety of features, including:

  • anti-anxiety
  • anti-inflammatory
  • anticancer
  • antimicrobial
  • neuroprotective
  • antidepressant

Linalool appears to work on the body, but more research is needed to understand how individuals might use it to help their health.


What you should know about terpenes? Myrcene is a terpene present in many plants, including hops, lemongrass, and thyme. Myrcene is also found in the flowers of the cannabis plant.

Myrcene is a very potent antioxidant. According to one mouse research, myrcene may help protect the brain from oxidative damage after a stroke.

In another investigation, myrcene was found to have a similar protective effect in heart tissue in mice. According to the researchers, myrcene might be a beneficial alternative therapy following an ischemic stroke.

It is crucial to note, however, that these experiments employed extremely high quantities of myrcene, up to 200 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) of weight.

Another study in an osteoarthritis cell model discovered that myrcene has an anti-inflammatory impact and may inhibit the degradation of certain cartilage cells. This might make it effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis.


Many plants and vegetables, including cloves and black pepper, contain beta-caryophyllene.

Beta-caryophyllene, like other terpenes, may have an anti-inflammatory impact on the body, which may lessen pain levels in certain people.

Beta-caryophyllene decreased discomfort from inflammation and nerve pain in one animal research. The researchers concluded that because the body exhibited no signs of gaining tolerance to these effects, this anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect might be effective for treating long-term chronic pain.


Humulene is an important constituent of the hop plant. It’s also found in plants like clove and ginger.

According to one study published in Frontiers in Pharmacology, terpenes, especially humulene, may be useful in avoiding allergic responses and asthma. Humulene decreased allergic inflammation in the airways in animal studies. This might make it a useful chemical for future natural asthma therapies.

Another research published in Food and Chemical Toxicology discovered that humulene had a protective impact on some cells. This anti-cancer action might be beneficial. However, this is still early data, and further research into the effects of humulene is needed to back up these assertions.

Terpenes from other plants

The terpenes indicated above are among the most prevalent active terpenes found in nature.

Terpenes that are also commonly used include:

  • terpinolene
  • nerolidol
  • geraniol
  • ocimene
  • phytol

So, what you should know about terpenes? Terpenes are the chemicals that give most plants their distinctive aroma. They are plentiful in cannabis as well as many other plants, fruits, and herbs.

They may be beneficial to the health and survival of the plants in which they live.

Smelling certain essential oils, consuming terpene-rich plants, or spending time in locations with high terpene content may give some health advantages to humans in some situations.

Terpenes must be studied further in order for researchers to completely comprehend their potential therapeutic and pharmaceutical applications.

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